Cancer risk increases due to alcohol
The risk of cancer increases with every glass of alcohol. In a recent press release, the German Nutrition Society (DGE) points out that the likelihood of cancer increases significantly from a daily dose of ten grams of alcohol in women and 20 grams of alcohol in men.
According to the German Society for Nutrition, 90 percent of alcohol-related cancers and deaths in men and 50 percent in women would be avoidable if the dose of a maximum of ten (women) or twenty grams (men) were observed daily. According to the DGE, ten grams of alcohol are in a glass of beer, wine or schnapps, for example. The DGE bases its statements on a current overview study, which summarizes the results of several meta-analyzes on the cancer-related diseases caused by alcohol. Alcohol is estimated to be responsible for ten percent of cancers in men and three percent in women, explains nutritionist Angela Bechthold in the DGE press release.
Cancer risk increases in parallel with alcohol consumption The DGE experts report on a current overview study (C. Pelucchi, I. Tramacere, P. Boffeta et al.: Alcohol consumption and cancer risk. Nutrition and Cancer), according to which “one dose was Effect relationship ”exists and the cancer risk increases in parallel with the amount of alcohol consumed. According to the German Society for Nutrition, for example, the "breast cancer risk per ten grams of alcohol per day increases by seven percent." According to the DGE, the reference values for the "still tolerable intake" are "20 grams of alcohol per day for healthy men and women." ten grams per day for healthy women. ”However, this information“ should never be understood as a recommendation to drink alcohol every day. ”Basically, women should avoid alcohol during pregnancy or breastfeeding, so that the unborn child“ has no unnecessary health risks to suspend ”, said DGE expert Angela Bechthold. In addition, according to the nutritionist, "Children, adolescents, people at risk of addiction, people with liver damage and people taking medication should also not drink alcohol."
Massive health risks from regular alcohol consumption There are certainly indications of a positive effect of moderate alcohol consumption, for example in cardiovascular diseases, but overall the negative health consequences clearly outweigh the stressed DGE expert Bechthold. According to the current overview study, regular alcohol consumption is associated, for example, with impaired muscle performance and damage to the nerves and organs (liver, pancreas). In addition, alcohol promotes the development of obesity, mental disorders and cancer, according to the DGE. Even a mere ten grams of alcohol a day is associated with a significantly increased risk of cancer of the mouth, throat and esophagus. The more alcohol is consumed, the higher the risk of cancer. Overall, the risk of cancer increases with four or more drinks a day (one drink contains 10 grams of alcohol) by 400 percent, with the risk of throat cancer increasing by about 150 percent, the risk of pancreatic cancer by 20 percent and the colon and breast cancer risk by 50 percent. In addition, according to the DGE, there is a 20 to 30 percent increased risk of mouth, throat and esophageal cancer with just one drink a day. In addition, the risk of liver cancer increases with alcohol consumption, according to the results of the current survey. According to the DGE, it is best to avoid alcohol altogether, because it is not without reason that the World Health Organization (WHO) classifies alcohol as one of the ten most important health risks worldwide.
Health-threatening development of alcohol consumption among adolescents As the German Nutrition Society further explains in its current press release, the average alcohol intake in Germany is “within the tolerable amount for both men and women”, but around every fourth man and every sixth woman takes in more than the tolerable amount of alcohol every day. In addition, the DGE refers to messages from the Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA), according to which "many young people up to the age of 16 and 17 years develop a consumption behavior that can be classified as hazardous to health even among adults." up to 25-year-olds about one in five male and one in ten female young adults alcohol amounts that are hazardous to health. According to the DGE, the interaction of alcohol and tobacco is particularly critical, since the two risk factors reinforce each other in their cancer-promoting effects. (fp)